By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed impressive ethnic and cultural range one of the expected thirty million humans residing inside of its borders. It was once might be the main cosmopolitan nation within the world--and in all probability the main risky. a short heritage of the past due Ottoman Empire now provides students and common readers a concise background of the overdue empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked by means of great social swap. relocating previous common remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes wide old developments and procedures greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid strong competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and overseas powers. He appears to be like heavily on the socioeconomic alterations this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu indicates how this background isn't just necessary to comprehending sleek Turkey, yet is imperative to the histories of Europe and the realm. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to existence in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial files and different records from the interval to explain it because it truly was once, no longer because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a short historical past of the past due Ottoman Empire is a must-read for an individual looking to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the area nonetheless grapples with this day.
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Additional info for A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire
61. 12 Stanford J. Shaw, The Financial and Administrative Organization and Development of Ottoman Egypt, 1517–1798 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962), p. 348. 13 Cengiz Orhonlu, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Güney Siyaseti: Habeş Eyaleti (Istanbul: Edebiyat Fakültesi Yayınları, 1974), pp. 37ff. 14 [John Lewis Burckhardt], Johann Ludwig Burckhardt’s Reisen in Nubien (Weimar: Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, 1820), pp. 608–13. indd 11 8/23/2007 8:15:57 PM 12 Chapter One of the Hijāz was essential for the legitimacy of the Ottoman sultans who, unable to trace their lineage back to the Prophet Muhammad, based their claim to the Caliphate on their custodianship of the Two Holy Sanctuaries of Mecca and Medina.
S. S. dollars in 1800–1801. indd 29 8/23/2007 8:16:00 PM 30 Chapter One scheduled for distribution to heirs, which the executor (askerî kassam) determined after subtracting funeral expenses (women’s funeral expenses were paid by their husbands), outstanding debt, execution fees, and transaction dues. In the case of Janissaries, one-tenth of the estate was given to the Janissary establishment. Summary Estate Inventories from Hicrî 1164 (1750–51) 1. Sheikh Abdülkerim Efendi, son of Abdullah, resident at the Hüseyin Ağa Medrese.
6, p. 110. indd 16 8/23/2007 8:15:59 PM At the Turn of the Nineteenth Century 17 each other for dominance without much interference from the center. 32 Nevertheless, both in Lebanon and Kurdistan, local chieftains never went as far as the outright rejection of Ottoman suzerainty, and the Ottoman authorities carefully monitored the local political scene. All the same, Ottoman understanding of the local dynamics of power was not always very accurate, as the following incident from the ostensibly vassal principality of Montenegro illustrates.
A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu