By Heinz Kramer
Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the us and Europe. After the dying of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic value has replaced yet now not decreased. at the present time Turkey is dealing with a very varied overseas and safeguard coverage atmosphere. even if, Turkey is additionally present process outstanding inner switch. Many tested political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more wondered via a transforming into a part of its humans. notably, there's the increase of political Islam and the consequent conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the controversy approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies should reply to this improvement through adapting their regulations. not anything under a second look and, finally, a re-orientation in kinfolk with either the us and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This booklet undertakes a accomplished evaluate and research of Turkey's inner and exterior alterations and offers parts of a brand new eu and American coverage towards a key strategic companion.
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Extra resources for A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy)
3 The main consequence of this situation was a rapid fragmentation of Turkey's traditional political camps. Özal's party would make a decisive inroad into the center-right groups and establish itself in the longer term as the only new party in the post-1980 system. As the party in power, it could consolidate itself through the classic mechanisms of Turkish party politicsclientelism and favoritism. 4 Today two parties are vying for the primacy of Turkey's moderate-right political camp. 5 Both are made up of a kind of intraparty coalition of political groups representing bourgeois Westernizers, nationalists, and moderate Islamists.
Today one speaks of more than 30,000 people that have been killed in the fight between the PKK and Turkish troops. It is remarkable how few PKK fighters have been taken prisoner or have been reported injured in the clashes with the security forces. In the course of military action, especially after 1992, more than 3,000 villages and smaller settlements have been evacuated, and most have been destroyed, causing the forced resettlement of 400,000 persons. 10 But migration from the Kurdish areas has been much higher because many people have also left their rural homes to escape harassment by both the PKK and the Turkish security forces.
The Turkish parliament had already created a Human Rights Commission from within its ranks in 1990. The state security apparatus, however, still strongly resists taking human rights issues more seriously, as can be deduced from the recurring prosecution of human rights activists by the judiciary, mainly for their criticizing state authorities' behavior in the southeast. 27 The severe risks involved in human rights activism on behalf of Kurds have become evident by the attempt on the life of the chairman of the IHD* in May 1998.
A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy) by Heinz Kramer