By Kofi Dorvlo
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Extra info for A grammar of Logba (Ikpana)
It can occur in polysyllabic words as a stem of a word in both word initial or word final positions. The onset of this type of syllable is made up of a consonant cluster of two consonants. The second consonant is either /l/ or /r/, or a glide. 8. aklɔ́ aváblɔwo ivaflí utrɔ́mɛ tro igla wli wla ‘goat’ ‘native doctor’ ‘(thing) white’ ‘work’ ‘refuse’ ‘jaw’ ‘many’ ‘waste something The [+grave] first consonant in a cluster (labial, labial dental, labial velar or velar consonants) selects /l/ as the second consonant.
5 GLOSS ‘chairs’ ‘clothes’ ‘speeches’ ‘farm bags’ ‘antelopes’ Lateral The Alveolar lateral, /l/ is widely distributed. It occurs as onset in a CV syllable. It also occurs as a second consonant in a CCV consonant cluster when the first consonant is a grave sound. This is attested in the following examples: 30. agblenú la lɛ lɔ ‘hoe’ ‘beat’ ‘buy’ ‘weed’ agbíglɔmɔ gla kla mla ‘spider’ ‘pour’ ‘hide’ ‘bring’ Chapter 2 20 lí wlíwlí yayí ‘hold’ ‘small parts’ ‘search’ alá ɔhlɔyí yíré ‘scorpion’ ‘throat’ ‘wait’ The 3rd Person Singular Object Pronoun is lɛ or le depending on the [ATR] value of the vowel in the verb root.
The first part describes the noun class system and goes on to discuss noun compounds in part two and pronouns in part three. 1 Nouns Nouns in Logba have a low-tone vowel prefix. There are also nouns with nasal prefix and some loan words which are prefixless. All vowels are used as prefix on nouns. Out of a total of 1,635 words in my lexical data base, 1,069 are nouns out of which 799 have a vowel prefix, which is 75 per cent of the nouns in the data. 1 /a/ has the highest frequency because it is capable of being attached to stem with both [+ATR] and [–ATR] vowels.
A grammar of Logba (Ikpana) by Kofi Dorvlo