By Sebastian Fedden
Mian is an endangered non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language of the okay family members spoken within the Highlands fringe in western Papua New Guinea through nearly 1,400 audio system. This grammar is the 1st finished description of the language with particular research of tone, gender and clause chaining. The research is predicated on basic box facts recorded via the writer. The booklet features a choice of totally glossed and translated texts and a note list.
Winner of the 2013 ALT Gabelentz Award
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Additional info for A Grammar of Mian
3. g. rising in /LHta/ ‘flint, lighter’. Many stems are lexically specified for an inflection point, henceforth called accent, which serves as the ‘anchor point’ for a tonal melody. Accent is indicated by ‘|’ in phonemic representations, if it does not fall on the final stem syllable. The reader will find examples below. g. ). g. g. à). Low pitch is unmarked. Brought to you by | New York University Bobst Library Technical Services Authenticated Download Date | 10/16/15 4:11 PM 20 2. Phonology In the orthography, phonemic tone is indicated by diacritics.
Fricatives are articulated at the labio-dental, alveolar, and glottal positions. Stops can be either voiceless or voiced, nasals are always voiced, fricatives are only voiceless. g. /LHbab/ [mbáph] ‘father’s younger sister’. Prenasalization is less prominent than in Oksapmin (Loughnane 2009). In some speakers, the pre-nasal can have a duration of more than 100ms in tokens spoken in isolation, in others prenasalization is much less obvious. Semivowels are either labial(-velar) or palatal. The consonant inventory has some asymmetric gaps in the stop system.
5) wan káawa faninwali /Lwan/ /LH |kawa/ /Lfaninwali/ [wan] [qhaw] [faninwali] ‘bird’ ‘steel axe’ ‘(the) ancestors’ /j/ is a voiced palatal glide. It is always pronounced as [j] and appears syllableinitially. Orthographically, /j/ is rendered as
A Grammar of Mian by Sebastian Fedden