By Thomas Lehmann
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Languages with loose be aware orders pose daunting demanding situations to linguistic concept simply because they elevate questions about the character of grammatical strings. Ross, who coined the time period Scrambling to consult the rather ‘free’ notice orders present in Germanic languages (among others) notes that “… the issues serious about specifying precisely the subset of the strings in an effort to be generated … are a long way too advanced for me to even point out the following, not to mention come to grips with” (1967:52).
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Additional info for A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication)
Remember that it is not uncommon that two different morphemes are realized by a homophonous morph, see for example, MORPHOLOGY 73 the homophonous morphs 'cut' in English, which realize various morphemes: lexical morpheme 'cut' 4- present tense morpheme, lexical morpheme 'cut' + past tense morpheme, and lexical morpheme 'cut' + past participle morpheme. Similarly, in Tamil the past tense morpheme and verbal participle morpheme are realized by homophonous allomorphs. Examples: azu 'weep' (I) utkaar 'sit' (II) tuuhku 'sleep' (III) pootu 'put' (IV) keel 'ask' (V) pati 'study' (VI) nata 'walk' (VII) azu-tu utkaar-ntu tuuhk-i poot-tu keet-tu pati-ttu nata-ntu Turning to the negative polarity, there are two forms of the negative verbal participle.
However, they cannot occur with the instrumental and sociative case marker, for instance. Another example is the noun utan 'immediacy'. This noun occurs only with one case marker—the dative case suffix -ukku, as in the reduplicated form utan-ukku utan 'immediately'. 25 Verb stem Definition of verbs Verbs are defined as those words which can take tense suffixes, personnumber-gender suffixes, and a few other verbal suffixes, for example, those marking non-finiteness of the verb. As in the case of nouns, there are a number of verbs which have defective morphology, that is cannot take afl- verbal suffixes.
44 Inflectional paradigms The inflection of the indicative verb with tense suffixes and personnumber-gender suffixes is straightforward. The verb stem of a given class takes a tense suffix of the set of tense allomorphs assigned to the respective class—see table 6—and then a person-number-gender suffix is added. Nevertheless, in the distribution of tense suffixes and person-numbergender suffixes there are a number of irregular verb forms in the inflectional paradigm. Before we discuss the individual cases, we will first give the inflectional paradigms of verbs belonging to each of the seven classes.
A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication) by Thomas Lehmann