By Elizabeth Pearce
This e-book describes the Unua language of Malakula, Vanuatu. The island of Malakula is understood to have, or to have had, a complete of approximately forty special languages of which fewer than part were defined. The seven hundred or so audio system of Unua also are fluent audio system of Bislama and the domain names of use for Unua have gotten extra limited. Unua is hence endangered and the documentation of the language in its current shape is particularly well timed.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Unua
The intention in establishing a revised spelling system for Unua is for it to provide the basis for the teaching of literacy in the early years of schooling in the Unua community. In its pedagogical role, it is likely that the spelling system will make use of the grapheme distinctions corresponding to the phoneme distinctions made by the younger speakers. However, the additional graphemes corresponding to consonant sounds produced by older speakers are also available to be used as needed. d , 1897; Paton 1903, 1913).
It is not clear at this point to what extent there may be some inter-speaker differences in stress placement with particular words. Verbs in general have main stress on the penultimate syllable of non-monosyllabic roots. However, in the case of verbs with a monosyllabic root, it appears that the prefix does not attract stress and the stress placement is on the root syllable, as in at least the following common verbs: (46) i’gom ‘run (3SG)’ i’jbon ‘alone (3SG)’ i’mer ‘raw (3SG)’ i’min ‘drink (3SG)’ i’nog ‘end (3SG)’ i’non ‘stay (3SG)’ i’se ‘bad (3SG)’ i’sras ‘same (3SG)’ i‘tox ‘stay (3SG)’ i’ve ‘be (3SG)’ i’vo ‘good (3SG)’ i’xa ‘go (3SG)’ Thus, in general, but perhaps with some exceptions, we find that main stress is penultimate, except on monosyllabic verb roots which have stress on the root syllable.
2. 3. 5. 1. 2. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 4. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 3. au/collections/EP1. 1. xxx, where ‘A/a’ are alphabetic letter codes and ‘xxx’ identify line numbers. The alphabetic codes are identified in the following table, along with the names of the tellers of the jirvaren, the title, the year of the recording and the length of the recording in minutes and seconds: 2. Unua speakers AA xx/xx/xx, where ‘A is an alphabetic letter and ‘x’ is a number identify speaker (‘AA’) name and date (day/month/year).
A Grammar of Unua by Elizabeth Pearce